The state of Texas, located in the south central region of the United States, is the second largest state after Alaska. Because of its great size, Texas consists of several different ecological regions: much of southeast Texas is made up of coastal swamps, plains, and pine forests. Toward the center of the state, the land is made up of plains and prairies, with gently rolling hills. The western part of the state is made up of the famous Texas desert grasslands and valleys and isolated mountain ranges. Throughout the state, the climate ranges from arid to humid, with the eastern and northern parts of the state experiencing colder winters and more humidity, while the southern and western parts of the state are more desert-like. The dry conditions and hot temperatures can cause problems for foundations.
Some of the most common causes of foundation problems in the state of Texas are:
Soil Shrinkage: The dry conditions in most of Texas can cause the soil beneath your home to shrink from lack of moisture.
When this happens, the soil falls away and creates voids that can lead to foundation settlement and sinking.
Soil Movement: Soil movement can cause the foundation of your home to shift and crack, and is often caused by: overloading, poor compaction, or poor waterproofing.
Vegetation: If there are trees or large shrubs planted close to your home, the roots may burrow under the foundation, pushing against it and causing crack formation and foundation shifting in their search for water.
Erosion: Erosion is especially common when a sudden rain follows a long dry period, washing away soil beneath your foundation and forming voids and spaces that the home may settle into.
Most foundation problems cause serious structural issues throughout the home. Problems such as structural instability, pest infestation, and water problems may be a sign of a foundation problem. The best way to eliminate these problems is to take care of the root cause - the foundation problem. Look for these common signs of foundation problems, and invest in repair options as soon as any are found in your home:
Sloped or uneven floors
Sticking doors or windows
Bowed or leaning walls
One of the most common foundation problems is a settling or sinking foundation. This issue can be fixed with the installation of steel push piers or helical piers. These underpinning devices are installed into the load bearing soils deep underground to provide support for the weight of the structure above. Once they are installed into the ground, the piers can be used to lift the foundation back to the proper position and stabilize it to prevent future problems.
While both steel piers and helical piers are great for settling or shifting foundations, there is a difference in the installation process of the two piers. Steel piers are driven into the ground, while helical piers are screwed into the ground. Foundation pier installation will not only lift and stabilize your foundation, but will also help close any foundation cracks that may have formed.
For these and other foundation repair solutions, contact a professional. My Foundation Repairs can help put you in contact with a foundation repair expert in Texas.